Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece. Its base is at the sea level. So its height from base to top or just the height of the mountain is 2919 meters or 9577 feet. That is quite a height! Because of this height it is also known to be one of the highest mountains in Europe.
Mount Olympus has a very important role in Greek Mythology. The most important Greek gods dwelled on this mountain. There were palaces of the major gods on its summit. Those major gods were known as Olympians. There was also an entrance to the great mountain Olympus through a gate of clouds, which were protected by the goddesses known as the Seasons.
In Greek Mythology, Zeus who is the king of the gods, had his throne on the top of the Mount Olympus. The other gods who stay on this mountain were closely related to him. They were his wife Hera, his brothers Poseidon and Hades, his sisters Demeter and Hestia, and his children, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Athena, Hermes and Hephaestus.
All these gods were representations of some aspect of human life and nature. Zeus, the king of the gods, was the god of mind and intellect. Hera, his wife, was the goddess of a woman’s life and marriage. Apollo, his son, was the god of law and order. Aphrodite of love, Hermes of travelers, sleep, dreams and prophecy, Athena was the goddess of wisdom and Hephaestus was the god of the arts and fire. Ares was the god of the dark side of human nature. Hades was the god of the underworld and Poseidon was the god of the seas. Demeter was the goddess of the crops and fertility. Hermes was the Messenger of the gods.
All these make up twelve in number including Zeus. These twelve principal gods of the ancient world were known as Twelve Olympians. The twelve Olympians dwelled in Mount Olympus.
Mount Olympus is located in Macedonia, which is 100km away from Thessaloniki, a city second largest in Greece.
Mount Olympus has rich flora with endemic species. Endemic species means that they are species specific to a region. You cannot find them elsewhere as much as at this place. In the mountains of Mount Olympus, the highest peak is Mytikas at a height of 2919 meters or 9577 feet. Mytikas means nose in Greek.
Image resource (from Litochoro)
Today we need to start from the town of Litochoro to climb the Mount Olympus. This town got its name as the city of the gods because it is located at the root of the mountains. Today you can find many mountains across the world with the same name as Mount Olympus.
Image resource (there are many Mountains with this name, this snowy one is in Turkey)
More of Mount Olympus' images in relation to Greek Mythology can be seen at these links.